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A king post is the vertical member of a simple truss which runs from the bottom chord of the truss to the high-point where the two top chord members meet. The king post dissects the single triangle of the truss and splits the truss into two smaller trusses usually of equal size / shape.
One of the five classical orders, characterized by capitals with spiral elements called "volutes," a fasciated entablature, continuous frieze, dentils in its cornice, and by its elegant detailing.